Optimum Rehab

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Wall Street Office Upper East Side Office Astoria Office
30 Wall St.,Suite 500 232 E. 66th St. 29-15 Astoria Blvd
Tel: (917) 267-7470
Tel: (917) 267-7470
Tel: (917) 267-7470

Arthritis

Arthritis is the inflammation of one or more joints. The main symptoms of arthritis are joint pain and stiffness, which typically worsen with age. The two most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.

Osteoarthritis is usually caused by normal wear and tear, while rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disorder. Other types of arthritis can be caused by uric acid crystals, infections or even an underlying disease, such as psoriasis or lupus.

The most common signs and symptoms of arthritis involve the joints. Depending on the type of arthritis you have, your signs and symptoms may include:

  • Pain
  • Stiffness
  • Swelling
  • Redness
  • Decreased range of motion

The two main types of arthritis — osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis — damage joints in different ways.

Osteoarthritis

The most common type of arthritis, osteoarthritis involves wear-and-tear damage to your joint's cartilage — the hard, slick coating on the ends of bones.

Enough damage can result in bone grinding directly on bone, which causes pain and restricted movement. This wear and tear can occur over many years, or it can be hastened by a joint injury or infection.

Rheumatoid arthritis

In rheumatoid arthritis, the body's immune system attacks the lining of the joint capsule, a tough membrane that encloses all the joint parts. This lining, known as the synovial membrane, becomes inflamed and swollen. The disease process can eventually destroy cartilage and bone within the joint.

Risk factors

  • Family history. Some types of arthritis run in families, so you may be more likely to develop arthritis if your parents or siblings have the disorder. Your genes can make you more susceptible to environmental factors that may trigger arthritis.
  • Age. The risk of many types of arthritis — including osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and gout — increases with age.
  • Your sex. Women are more likely than are men to develop rheumatoid arthritis, while most of the people who have gout are men.
  • Previous joint injury. People who have injured a joint, perhaps while playing a sport, are more likely to eventually develop arthritis in that joint.
  • Obesity. Carrying excess pounds puts stress on joints, particularly your knees, hips and spine. Obese people have a higher risk of developing arthritis.

Treatment

Treatments vary depending on the type of arthritis. The main goal of arthritis treatment is to reduce symptoms and improve quality of life. Arthritis treatment focuses on relieving symptoms and improving joint function.

Medications: Medications used to treat arthritis vary depending on the type of arthritis. Commonly used arthritis medications are analgesics, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), counter irritants, disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs), corticosteroids, etc. Surgery is only advised if all other treatment methods fail to work out.

Physical Therapy: Exercise can improve wide range of motion and strengthen the muscles surrounding the joints. Physical therapy treatments are able to minimize the problems of arthritis in life. At Optimum rehab we specialize in providing effective treatment plans well suiting your convenience.

Connect with us

Locations

Wall Street Office.
30 Wall St., Suite 500
Tel: (917) 267-7470

Upper East Side.
232 E. 66th St.
Tel: (917) 267-7470

Astoria Office.
29-15 Astoria Blvd
Tel: (917) 267-7470

Our address

1

30 Wall St., Suite 500,New York, NY 10005

Tel: (917) 267-7470, Mail: web@optimumrehabnyc.com
2

232 E. 66th St.,New York, NY 10065

Tel: (917) 267-7470, Mail: web@optimumrehabnyc.com

3

29-15 Astoria Blvd, Astoria, NY 11102

Tel: (917) 267-7470, Mail: web@optimumrehabnyc.com